Periodontal Treatment

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that destroy the supporting structure of your teeth. Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins that irritate the gums and can cause swelling and bleeding. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth causing spaces, called pockets, to form.

Plaque can also harden into tartar above and below the gum line. As periodontal disease progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place deteriorates, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

But, there aren’t always warning signs with gum disease. Bleeding, redness and swelling aren’t always present and pain is usually not associated with periodontal disease.

By the age of 45, the disease damages the teeth, gums and jawbones of more than 80 percent of Americans.